GIS-based Fire Hazard and Risk Assessment

Name of the provider (company name or main contact name), or FIRE IN ID ? Majaczech, z.s.

CCC addressed

Scope, rationale, context: general description. Precise here if this technology is currently use (eg. company name or contact info) This system is focused on mapping local forest fire hazard and risks being implemented in an online platform. This approach allows application on four levels, with given examples of implementation in: 1) Fire Prevention - Define area with increased number of fires (based on fire statistics from NASA) - Establishing fire prevention patrols in defined areas and routes - Propose location of surveillance station (watch towers, CCTV, fire patrols, etc.) 2) Support Commanders in Decision Making - Supporting information for decision making of first-responders - Defining vulnerable area required protection / evacuation in case of fire 3) Building Emergency Response Capacity - Complex assessment of vulnerable area with action required (distance from observation stations, first-responders, tourist routes, number of fires, distance from water sources, etc.) 4) Increasing Community Resilience - Informing general public about local risks - Mitigation approach and fire prevention measures, especially in Wildland Urban Interface Similar maps have been delivered by Majaczech,z.s. under United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) to Bosnia and Herzegovina, where it was delivered for two case study areas - Livno (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Mrkonjic Grad (Republika Srpska). Methodology was prepared in collaboration with local branch of UNDP, stakeholders and local municipalities. The resulting maps were presented and approved by local stakeholders. https://dras.undp.ba/public Reference from UNDP: eva.lacinova@undp.org The implementation is in progress, since now is imported only final Fire Hazard Map.

If applicable, choose the relevant working group (Ctrl touch to select more than one) Search & Rescue Emergency Response Landscape Fires Crisis Mitigation Natural Hazard Mitigation

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Short description of the solution. Technical details if relevant. Keywords.

Multi-layer GIS map system with specific fire hazard and risk assessment implemented in online platform. For development of the maps data are used from FIRMS (NASA), Copernicus, OpenStreetMaps, Google Maps and local information depending on local conditions (emergency response capacity, local specific hazards e.g. minefields).

Fire Risk Maps include three main components:
1) Fire Hazard Map (Orography, Vegetation, Climate, Forest Management, Local hazards - e.g. minefields, trains, etc., Fire Statistics and historical fires location)
2) Vulnerability Assessment (Distance from roads, Distance from Settlements, Occurrence of protected species, Occurrence of Vulnerable population categories, etc.)
3) Emergency Response Capacity (Distance from water sources, Distance from observation stations / fire patrol routes, Distance from first responders)

Assessment can be improved with respect to local conditions, special needs in the area, specific data provided by end-user, etc.

TRL of the proposed solution - Innovation stage (if applicable) 7-8: System/Subsystem development

Web addresses/URL of flyers and information https://dras.undp.ba/public https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6656643685855313921/ https://twitter.com/UNDPBiH/status/1197164499511447552?s=20&fbclid=IwAR23Q10udH2qaV13bWsRLTo80AoukHItjjTnICjVUudGSAVZD3lY8m_mNZc

Expected/scheduled future developments

Majaczech currently works system feature that will estimate and recognise areas considered as vulnerable to non-direct fire spread. It counts with flying hot firebrands generated during large forest fires which can be moved up to a few kilometres from the fire front. This implementation in the system would help especially in wildland urban interfaces as the most vulnerable against this kind of fire spread.

Generic comments

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